Hair transplant surgery, first introduced in the 1950's, was a complicated and costly procedure that often resulted in unnatural, artificial looking results. Through extensive research and state-of-the-art developments in both surgical technique and instrumentation, many of which were pioneered by Pittsburgh-based hair loss expert Dr. Dominic Brandy, hair restoration surgery has become a highly sophisticated, yet a relatively simple procedure.
When performed at The Skin Center Medical Spa located in Pittsburgh, hair transplant typically begins from a strip of hair follicles taken from the donor area, which is the horseshoe-shaped fringe of hair located on the back of the head. These follicular units, containing one to four hairs each, are dissected and then micro-surgically transplanted under magnification into thinning or balding areas, naturally increasing the density and fullness of the hairline. Because the follicular units can be inserted into tiny needle-sized sites in the scalp, the implanted follicular unit heals in just a few days, leaving no obvious scars.
The hair transplanted from the donor site will continue to grow and will not fall out as a result of male pattern baldness because the transplanted hair is not sensitive to the male hormone DHT.
In Pittsburgh, hair transplant surgery is performed by board-certified cosmetic surgeon, Dominic Brandy, MD. Long considered a pioneer in the field of hair restoration, Dominic Brandy, MD performs hair transplant surgery in Pittsburgh, PA at The Skin Center Medical Spas state-licensed and nationally-accredited (AAAHC) surgery center.
Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT)
Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT) is effective because it transplants the patient's own healthy DHT-resistant hair follicles and follicular units from one area of the scalp to the balding or thinning area.
Follicular units from an adult scalp contain between one and four terminal or full thickness hair follicles, one or two fine vellus hairs, sebaceous glands, a small muscle, tiny nerves and blood vessels, and a fine band of collagen that surrounds the follicular unit called the perifolliculum. Therefore, a follicular unit is the hair bearing structure of the skin and the hair follicle which is kept intact during the hair transplant surgery to ensure maximum growth and results.
In order to remove follicular units from the back of the scalp with the least risk of causing damage, Dr. Brandy feels the donor tissue is best removed in one piece. This harvesting technique is discussed by Dr. Brandy in the article, Intricacies of the Single-Scar Technique for Donor Harvesting in Hair Transplantation Surgery, which was published in The Journal of Dermatologic Surgery in 2004.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
The Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) method is similar to the earliest form of donor hair harvesting. Instead of individual plugs or punch grafts of 10 to 15 hairs being removed uniformly from the donor area, micro-plugs of follicular units (1-3 hairs) are taken in a scattered randomized fashion through a motorized tool.
In order to visualize and select the targeted follicular units (FUs) the donor area must be shaved. The greater the number of grafts needed, the wider the shaved area, which may pose a cosmetic concern for some of the male patients. Additionally, studies have shown that the surviving rate of FUE grafts can be significantly lower than those microscopically dissected from a linear strip. It is because of the potential for a lower survival rate of that Dr. Brandy reserves this method for small hair transplant cases. Such cases may include placing hair grafts in older, poorly healed donor scars; obtaining grafts from areas of the scalp that are either too high or too low to remove a strip of donor hair or patients with extremely tight scalps.
Stem Cell & PRP Hair Transplant Surgery
At The Skin Center in Pittsburgh, hair transplant surgery combined with stem cell therapy and PRP uses the unique repair mechanism of your own stem cells to provide rapid healing to the donor hair site and improve the vitality, density and growth of the transplanted hair as well as slow the hair loss process.
Combining both stem cells and PRP therapy during hair transplant surgery stimulates hair growth and helps stabilize further hair loss. The combination of Stem Cell & PRP therapy is used in the following ways during Hair Transplant Surgery:
- Injected into the various points in the scalp to promote new, healthy hair growth.
- Placed in the donor site incision to encourage faster wound healing and minimize scarring.
- The extracted hair will be bathed in the stem cell and PRP solution prior to implantation to add growth factors to the hair, reduce trauma to the extracted hair and stimulate healthy, hair growth.
To learn more about the benefits of Stem Cell & PRP Assisted Hair Transplant Surgery or PRP Hair Growth Treatment, visit the following treatment pages.